April 12, 2016

Test Your Blood Pressure IQ

How much do you really know about the blood pressure? How correct do you measure your blood pressure level through a blood pressure monitor? Learn about the risk factors of blood pressure, why does its level fluctuate and how to manage it if occurs to someone?

Test Your Blood Pressure IQ

IQ-1) Blood pressure is the force exerted by the blood against?
  1. Brain
  2. Artery wall
  3. Kidney
  4. None of the above
Answer: Blood pressure is the pressure exerted by circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels.

IQ-2) Blood pressure is measured in terms of :
  1. mmHg
  2. mm
  3. cmHg
  4. Hg
Answer: Blood Pressure values are generally measured in terms of millimeters of mercury (mmHg) using an instrument called the sphygmomanometer.

IQ-3) Which of the following is the most desirable blood pressure reading?
  1. 130/90 mmHg
  2. 180/110 mmHg
  3. 140/80 mmHg
  4. Lower than 120/80 mmHg
Answer: Lower than 120/80 mmHg, which is an optimal and the most desirable reading recommended.  If your blood pressure is 140/90 or higher, you’re at high risk for stroke, heart attack, and other complications from high blood pressure. Your health is your responsibility, so make sure you know your numbers!

IQ-4) A person can suffer from either :
  1. High Blood Pressure
  2. Low Blood Pressure
  3. Both
Answer: Low blood pressure is when the systolic and diastolic blood pressure is below for the age of the person. High blood pressure or hypertension is blood pressure higher than normal-120/80 mm Hg. Incidence of high blood pressure is on the increase.

IQ-5) The main cause of high blood pressure is: 
  1. Aging
  2. Stress
  3. Obesity
  4. Unknown
Answer: Even though doctors rarely know what causes high blood pressure, you can take steps to control it. If lifestyle changes don’t get your blood pressure down to a normal level, your healthcare provider may prescribe medication. 

IQ-6) What can you do to control high blood Pressure?
  1. Avoid alcohol
  2. Avoid smoking
  3. Regular exercise
  4. Better Stress management
  5. All the above
Answer: By making lifestyle change you can control your blood pressure. Maintain a healthy lifestyle by avoiding alcohol and smoking, exercise regularly, manage stress better and follow a healthy diet.

IQ-7) Peak pressure in the arteries, which occurs near the end of the cardiac cycle when the ventricles are contracting, is called?
  1. Systolic blood pressure
  2. Diastolic blood pressure
Answer: Blood pressure is measured as systolic pressure and diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure (maximum) develops due to the contraction of the heart, while diastolic (minimum) is due to the expansion or relaxation of the heart.

IQ-8) Low Blood Pressure is known as :
  1. Hypertension
  2. Hypotension
Answer: Decreased pressure on the arterial walls by the slow down of blood pumped is known as hypotension. This results in lessened blood supply to brain. People with hypotension experience dizziness, fainting and light-headedness

IQ-9) Unhealthy growth of tissue due to higher pressures on the walls of the artery is termed as :
  1. Atheroma
  2. Aroma
  3. Adenoma
  4. None of these
Answer: Higher pressures increase heart workload and progression of unhealthy tissue growth known as atheroma, which develops within the walls of arteries.

IQ-10) If high blood pressure is not treated it may lead to :
  1. Kidney damage
  2. Heart attack
  3. Stroke
  4. All of the above
Answer: High blood pressure (HBP) or hypertension is often called the "Silent Killer". HBP usually displays muted symptoms unless it is very high. And blood pressure tends to change with age dramatically. Because of these reasons it is very crucial that you check your blood pressure and seek medical care if needed.

IQ-11) Which of the following is a drug used to treat high blood pressure?
  1. ACE inhibitor
  2. Diuretic
  3. Calcium channel blocker
  4. All of the above
Answer: The common sets of medicines are Diuretics, Ace inhibitor, Beta-blockers, Alpha-blockers, AngiotensinII blockers, calcium channel blockers, Vasodilators. Each type of medicine works in a different way. Consult your physician for medication.

IQ-12) High blood pressure medication is usually prescribed to be taken:
  1. Under stressful situations
  2. Whenever a patient feels bad
  3. When activities require physical exertion
  4. As a lifelong way to manage high blood pressure
Answer: Blood pressure medication is a way to manage high blood pressure and is taken every day – not just under certain “conditions”. Managing blood pressure is a lifelong commitment. Most probably patients think to buy a blood pressure monitor so that they can easily check their blood pressure level at home themselves. But it would much be better to follow always your healthcare provider’s advice before to take .

Every bit of knowledge helps to improve your understanding, and now is the time to take charge of building a healthy lifestyle.

No comments:

Post a Comment